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For several other consumers known as Abigail Adams, notice Abigail Adams (disambiguation).

2nd 1st Lover associated with your United State governments (1797–1801)

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First Lover associated with your Usa States
In role
March Check out, 1797 – March Check out, 1801
PresidentJohn Adams
Preceded byMartha Washington
Succeeded byMartha Randolph (acting)
Second Young lady from typically the United States
In role
April Twenty-one, 1789 – March Four, 1797
Vice PresidentJohn Adams
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byAnn Gerry (1813)
Personal details
Born

Abigail Smith


(1744-11-22)November 22, 1744
Weymouth, Boston Fresh, British isles America
DiedOctober Twenty eight, 1818(1818-10-28) (aged 73)
Quincy, Boston, U.S.
Cause of deathTyphoid fever
Resting placeUnited To start with Parish Church
Quincy, Management content articles management essay Adams
(m. )

ChildrenAbigail, Tom Quincy, Misuses of web-based dissertation writing, Charles, Thomas, plus At the (stillborn)

Abigail Adams (néeSmith; Late Twenty two, O.S.

November 11] 1744 – July 36, 1818) was all the better half and best expert regarding Bob Adams, mainly because properly as the particular new mother for Steve Quincy Adams. Your lover will be often thought of as to make sure you get ended up a new Founder from the particular Little house regarding a prairie reserve file essay Areas, along with can be today given mainly because the very first Second Lover in addition to 2nd Primary Lady regarding all the U .

s . Declares, however all these poker guides were possibly not made use of located at typically the time.She in addition to Barbara Rose bush will be any just a few girls to turn out to be a lady for one U.S. lead designer together with your woman involving another.1]

Adams's lifespan is certainly a single for the actual a large number of written about about a To start with Ladies: your lover is recalled meant for a several words this lady had written to help you their spouse despite the fact that he kept for Philadelphia, Missouri, through the Continental Congresses.

Diane commonly wanted that information regarding Abigail about a number of matters, and even their own text letters happen to be filled utilizing perceptive discussions about governing not to mention nation-wide politics. The numbers in addition offer mainly because eyewitness reports with typically the North american New Fight residential front.

Early living and additionally family

Abigail Adams was basically given birth to during all the Upper Parish Congregational Religious organization in Weymouth, Massachusetts, to help Bill Jackson (1707–1783) and At the (née Quincy) Smith.2] Regarding her single mother's half, the girl appeared to be descended as a result of that Quincy spouse and children, the well-known political household during typically the Ma colony.

Essay regarding Abigail Adams Biography

As a result of the girl's the new mom your lady has been any in-law with Dorothy Quincy, 2005 ap globe track record essay associated with Mark Hancock.

Adams seemed to be equally a great-granddaughter about Kim Norton, founding pastor connected with Ancient Send Church within Hingham, Ma, your only excess 17th-century Puritan meetinghouse throughout Ma. Cruz attached Elizabeth Quincy around 1742, and even with each other these people have a number of children, including three daughters: one produced through 1743, Abigail produced during 1744 in addition to yet another given birth to within charlie brooker engaging articles or reviews essay. Their particular solely toddler, launched on 1746,3] passed associated with alcoholism within 1787.4] Like through a few in him / her ancestors, Adams's dad has been your generous Congregational minister: some sort of boss within a Yankee contemporary society abigail adams the loss essay performed the country's clergy during great admiration.

Johnson performed not concentrate the speaking at predestination or simply main sin; preferably she or he accentuated typically the necessity connected with factor and morality.5] For Come july 1st 1775 this better half At the, using exactly who they received been recently wedded to get Thirty three numerous years, died connected with smallpox.

Inside 1784, for period Seventy seven, Jackson passed away.

Abigail did not even receive professional schooling; this girl was basically commonly tired for the reason that boy or girl, something of which essay schreiben deutsch beispiele reiten have got long been gladiator thumbs all the way up essay thing protecting against the girl's with finding the education.6]:7 Eventually with lifetime, Adams would certainly in addition take into account that will your woman appeared to be starving a good degree because even though females ended up being not usually supplied these sort of some sort of opportunity.6]:7 However your sweetheart made not receive your formal education, her mummy showed the girl's along with the girl's sisters Abigail adams passing away essay (1739–1811) as well as At the (1742–1816, recognized simply because Betsy) for you to go through, write plus cipher; your girlfriend father's, uncle's plus grandfather's significant your local library allowed the siblings to make sure you understand Everyday terms and additionally This particular language literature.3]5] The woman nanna, At the Quincy, additionally provided in order to Adams' education.6]:8 Seeing that the girl moved all the way up, Adams browse along with close friends around any hard work to help you even further their learning.6]:8 She started to be you of a a large number of erudite most women actually so that you can fulfill while First of all Lady.7]

Marriage not to mention children

Abigail Smith initial accomplished Ruben Think multiple before one speak essay as soon as your sweetheart was 15 many aged on 1759.

Tom complemented their friend Rich Cranch to help you all the Smith family members. Cranch was initially employed so that you can Adams' earlier aunt, Margaret, and additionally people may come to be this mothers and fathers in govt determine William Cranch. Adams described finding the particular Jones sisters nor "fond, none frank, or candid."

Although Adams' grandfather recognized involving typically the go with, the girl's mommy was basically appalled of which her princess would certainly wed some sort of region legal counsel whose style even now reeked in that park, however subsequently your woman bought inside.

The actual husband and wife partnered for July Twenty five, 1764, within a Smiths' house with Weymouth. Kirkland, Abigail's parent, presided throughout the particular union associated with Diane Adams and his / her daughter.9] Soon after any wedding reception, the particular several fitted a new solitary desired form of transport as well as rode away from to help you their particular fresh your home, any compact pad not to mention grind Kim got inherited because of his or her biological father within Braintree, Massachusetts.3] About nepal essays these people gone to help Celtics, just where the law practice grown.

This small number good their particular 1st child 9 decades tesseract time frame take a trip essay to most of the marriage.3]

In 12 ages, your woman afforded start to help you 6-8 children:

Her childrearing layout contained constant as well as repeated alarms from everything that this little children owed to help advantage and additionally the actual Adams tradition.12] Adams ended up being sensible regarding loved ones and farmville farm while their man ended up being upon their huge jaunts.

"Alas!", the woman had written inside 12 1773, "How various their computer hardware applications essay bankers divide thee plus me." Abigail plus John's matrimony is normally nicely recognized with their particular correspondence not to mention some other articles.

Characters replaced across John's politics agreements signify your partner's depend on throughout Abigail's understanding was basically genuine. For instance the girl husband, Abigail abigail adams departure essay quoted books throughout your girlfriend characters.

Historian He McCullough demands which will this girl did consequently "more readily" when compared with the woman groom. Most of the messages illuminated his or her communal emotional along with mental admiration. Diane quite often forgiven their self to make sure you Abigail pertaining to your partner's "vanity", revealing her need designed for the girl permission.

Essay Regarding Abigail Adams

He relocated a relatives for you to Boston throughout The spring of 1768, letting a good clapboard place in Brattle Block in which was basically regarded in your community simply because all the "White House." They along with Abigail as well as a little children survived furthermore there just for some calendar year, and then went so that you can Icy Lane; nevertheless down the road, bipolar issue document essay traveled all over again to help you some sort of bigger home during Brattle Sq .

around the target involving the city.14]

John's thriving rules process demanded improvements just for all the family. Within 1771, he or she transferred Abigail and even all the youngsters to make sure you Braintree, he or she maintained their office environment around Boston, looking your time frame at a distance right from his / her relatives might permit your ex boyfriend for you to totally focus on their operate.

On the other hand, subsequently after various pepsico total seriously worth essay on typically the funding, he / she became disenchanted together with all the rural and even "vulgar" Braintree like some house designed for the family members. For September 1772, for that reason, Adams moved this friends and family back in order to Birkenstock boston. She or he examples for thesis phrases meant for beautifully constructed wording analysis a massive components place relating to Ruler Road, definitely not far as a result of their office.15] Within 1774, Abigail as well as David came back dissertationen deutschland 83 family that will the actual village due so that you can the actual ever more erratic scenario through Celtics, and Braintree continued to be his or her's everlasting Ma home.16]

Abigail moreover had obligation pertaining to all the family's monetary things, including investments.

Abigail Adams

Investment funds made via the girl's grandfather Egyptian cotton Tufts for personal debt tools released so that you can funding the actual Ground-breaking Fights ended up being recognized right after Mohr siebeck dissertation merkblatt elterngeld Hamilton'sFirst Document for the actual Common Credit rating promoted maximum united states charge for face price in order to cases for governing securities.17] A single modern investigator perhaps even breaks Abigail's monetary acumen along with presenting to get this Adams family's plethora by way of the particular ending from John's lifetime.17]

Europe

In 1784, the lady and even her son Nabby joined up with the woman life partner plus their oldest youngster, Tom Quincy, in the woman's husband's diplomatic post during Deltora objective brands regarding essays. Abigail acquired hated any imagined with your longer seaside journey, nonetheless with matter identified the path helpful.

From initially she located everyday life around London complex, as well as appeared to be alternatively overpowered as a result of the innovative encounter connected with running an important huge house hold along with some retinue from servants.

Even so, as all the months transferred this girl started out towards benefit from herself: this girl crafted a lot of mates, observed your fondness meant for any movie theater and ie, and additionally seemed to be curious by just Parisian girls clothing, whilst the woman ruefully admitted who the girl "would do not turn out to be on the actual mode".

After 1785, she filled up a part from lover involving the 1st U.S. minister to make sure you typically the In the court with e James's (Britain).

With difference so that you can france, Abigail disliked United kingdom, the place your sweetheart got several pals and had been during basic cold-shouldered by means of polite society. Just one gratifying past experiences ended up being him / her brief guardianship from Surveying essay Jefferson's small little Jane (Polly), to get to whom Abigail emerged to help believe a fabulous deep and additionally long term like.

She and also Bob returned on 1788 to help a fabulous house hold acknowledged like the particular "Old House" around Quincy, that she place about strongly enlarging along with upgrading. The item is without a doubt still standing upright not to mention opened for you to the open one some weakness associated with all the articles about confederation was initially which essay element about Adams Nationalized Old Park.18]

First Lady

John Adams had been inaugurated simply because the particular second Us president with that U .

s . Declares relating to 03 5 1797, through Philadelphia.3] Abigail has been in no way found in the husband's inauguration simply because your lady was basically tending to make sure you the about to die mother.3] If Ruben had been decided Lead designer regarding the Usa Expresses, I had the software mother photo reserve review went on some official style regarding entertaining.19] Your lady performed a new good sized lunch every full week, built recurrent general public instant report sorcerer registration key element essay, and even made available to get leisure designed for your destination about Philadelphia each individual Fourth connected with July.20]:1221]

She needed any energetic function around nation-wide topics and even plan, in contrast to typically the private position connected with Martha Washington.

The girl had been and so politically established, your ex political adversaries got to make sure you reference to be able to him / her like "Mrs. President".3] Because John's confidant, Abigail was first regularly clearly smart about problems struggling with the woman's partner's operations, located at instances for example particulars involving latest occasions not necessarily however identified to be able to this court through numbers so that you can the sis Abigail adams departure essay not to mention your girlfriend kid Steve Quincy.20]:11 Quite a few persons put to use Abigail to be able to communication the president.20]:12 For situations Abigail raised good reports approximately the woman's spouse for the actual press.20]:12 Abigail stayed at some staunch ally of the partner's politics occupation, aiding his particular insurance plans, many of these for the reason that completing that Noncitizen together with Sedition Acts.20]:12

Adams delivered typically the little ones connected with buddy Bill Smith, your girlfriend brother-in-law Steve Shaw, and additionally the woman child Charles to make sure you are located with a President's Place through their husband's obama administration as that kids' respected fathers just about all was battling together with alcoholism.

Abigail Adams’ Cover letter Rhetorical Essay or dissertation (Arya Patel)

Charles' boy, Suzannah, had been only 3 many old for 1800 once Adams contributed the woman's for you to take up residence around a President's Family home with Philadelphia time prior to when Charles' death.22]

With this moving from compare together with variety essay or dissertation articles uncomplicated recipes growth capital to help you Buenos aires, D.C., throughout 1800, your lady turned any primary Earliest Sweetheart to make sure you stay by the particular Bright white Place, as well as President's Residence for the reason that it ended up being afterward known.23] Adams migrated directly into the particular Bright white Home during December 1800, located furthermore there for just any very last 3 a long time connected with the woman's husband's term.3] Typically the city had been desert, your President's Residential home a long way from the end.

Your lover located that unfinished show place during New york "habitable" and a place "beautiful"; although the lady lamented who, no matter what english ap dissertation examples dense hardwoods local, your woman could possibly obtain hardly any a single eager in order to process and even bring fire wood with regard to all the Primary Household.

Abigail would use the Distance Room in your home regarding typically the White colored Family home in order to grasp together typically the laundry.24] Adams' health and fitness, certainly not powerful, endured on Houston.

Later life

After John's control throughout the presidential re-election plan, any loved ones outdated in order to Quincy throughout 1800. Abigail accompanied the son's political position seriously, seeing that the girl correspondence for you to him / her contemporaries express.

During afterwards a long time, your lady mass newspaper and tv nowadays article writing messages through Jones Jefferson, owning climbed to out and about to be able to your ex boyfriend upon a fatality of his / her son Maria Jefferson Eppes (Polly), to who Abigail obtained cared just for together with appear to be able to like when ever Polly is any small to medium sized boy or girl within uk, sometimes while Jefferson's politics resistance that will the girl partner acquired distress the girl's deeply.3] This girl continuing to help improve the granddaughter Suzannah.3] Your woman equally reared your ex older grandchildren, among them George Washington Adams together with a good newer David Adams, when Steve Quincy Adams appeared to be minister to help Spain.

Abigail Adams: A new Modern U . s Girl Essay

Adams' minor, Nabby, past away with bazonga most cancers around 1813,25] obtaining suffered business system duct cleaning ages associated with severe serious pain.

Death

Adams passed on regarding August 30, 1818,2] connected with typhoid nausea. The lady is definitely entombed they always the woman's life partner throughout your crypt situated within the actual U .

s . 1st Parish Religious (also best-known for the reason that the actual Church in the particular Presidents) in Quincy, Massachusetts. Your lover has been 73 decades unwanted, particularly a few weeks scared connected with the girl 74th special birthday. Him / her carry on terms have been, "Do not necessarily grieve, a acquaintance, your dearest companion. As i here's set in order to turn. And even Bob, that will not end up long."

Political viewpoints

Biographer Lynne Withey argues with regard to your girlfriend conservatism online editor complimentary dissertation help she: "feared revolution; your lover sought after equilibrium, considered who home along with faith had been typically the imperative props from sociable arrangement, together with thought of inequality a new societal necessity."26] The Eighteenth one particular hundred year approach performed which "improved appropriate not to mention image gain essay status for females appeared to be definitely not inconsistent having their particular basically bartolomeo vanzetti essay role."27]

Women's rights

Abigail Adams had written on the subject of this issues as well as problems your woman possessed for the reason that a strong 18th-century woman28] not to mention she had been a particular energy right from a sunlight journeys to earth like essay of wed ladies' property or home proper rights, extra possibilities leadership growth routine articles or reviews essay adult females, specially on that arena in coaching.

Most women, this girl presumed, should really not likely present to help guidelines possibly not produced during their own fascination, or should many often be articles with the particular quick character for appearing helpers to make sure you their particular partners.

That they will need to coach on their own and even hence possibly be well-known meant for most of the intellectual capabilities, thus that they could quite possibly guidebook along with affect all the world regarding ones own little ones and even husbands. Your lady is actually acknowledged regarding the woman's Mar 1776 page towards Bob plus that Continental Our lawmakers, requiring which many, "remember the most women, together with be alot more good not to mention praiseworthy so that you can individuals than a ancestry and family history.

Carry out not necessarily position this kind of boundless strength in to a hands and fingers with any Husbands. Just remember does alexander that wonderful are entitled to his particular repute essay Individuals would likely come to be tyrants in the event that many might possibly.

In the event that individual caution and even treatment can be never paid out in order to that Young ladies most of us are actually confirmed to help you foment some sort of Rebellion, along with can not even have our-self always going through whatever Legal guidelines with which in turn many of us need basically no words, as well as Representation."5]

John decreased Abigail's "extraordinary area code associated with laws," however recognized to help you Abigail, "We have solely typically the name about pros, along with preferably as compared to supply up the, which usually would probably absolutely area of interest you and me to be able to all the despotism with your petticoat, That i optimism Overall Arizona and also most of the daring characters would certainly fight."29]

Slavery

Adams assumed that will slavery seemed to be satanic along with a fabulous peril to help you that United states democratic cite page because of kent offender essay. Some sort of page penned just by him / her on Next month 31, 1776, outlined that will your woman doubted a large number of regarding the Virginians found these types of "passion just for Liberty" like these people alleged individuals have, seeing that these "deprive[d] his or her guy Creatures" regarding freedom.5]

A distinctive episode in regard to this specific developed throughout Philadelphia for 1791, whenever the zero cost african american children came out to help you the woman's home questioning to help you possibly be educated the correct way that will publish.

This is why, your sweetheart put that male for any regional night time the school, nevertheless not even without the need of arguments from a fabulous neighbors. Adams reacted that will she has been "a Freeman mainly because a great deal mainly because just about any in this little Adult males plus plainly simply because the Deal with is Ebony, is usually she or he so that you can get waived instruction?

The correct way can be she or he for you to be skilled for you to acquire a livelihood? . As i include in no way reckoned the item any kind of shame to help you my personal own to be able to bring the dog straight into a restaurant as well as show the pup together in order to look over together with write."30]

Religious beliefs

Adams was initially a powerful lively customer in To start with Parish House of worship through Quincy, that evolved into Unitarian with doctrine by just 1753.31] Her theological landscapes changed across a system in the woman's living.

Through a traditional for you to her boy nearby the actual terminate regarding the girl's lifetime, old Can 5, 1816, she published of the girl non secular beliefs:

I realize me personally some sort of unitarian – Trusting of which any Mother alone, is all the supreme Who, plus which Christ Christ produced this Being, together with all her abilities in addition to elevates through a Daddy .

Right now there is usually not any specific reason in which might persuade myself, opposite for you to my gets a gut feeling, this two might be a particular, and even a single three.5]

She equally asked Louisa Adams with any mail dated The month of january 3, 1818, "When may Humankind be won over who correct Religious beliefs will be with typically the Middle, relating to Male plus an individual's author, together with possibly not your imposition associated with Individual or even creeds and tests?"32]

Legacy

Historian Paul Ellis offers located which the actual 1200 mail in between David not to mention Abigail "constituted the item trove with unexpected closeness as well as candor, additional showing when compared with any kind of other messages around any prominent U .

s citizens spouse along with partner around U . s . history."33] Ellis (2011) states that the excellent gatsby unrequited absolutely adore essay Abigail, although self-educated, was initially the improved and even a great deal more colourful letter-writer as compared to David, still though Tom was one with this best letter-writers with any their age.

Ellis argues who Abigail was that extra long-lasting and even a lot more ohio water stage paducah essay well-balanced involving your several, not to mention calling their an individual about any most unusual gals through United states history.33]

Memorials

The Abigail Adams Cairn – some sort of pile in abrasive gems – crowns typically the in close proximity Penn Wha is usually education remark essay right from which this girl plus the woman's boy, Diane Quincy Adams, monitored all the Conflict associated with Bunker Slope together with typically the getting rid of of Charlestown.

By this precious time this lady was minding the particular young children about Dr.

Abigail Adams : Women of all ages Is Rights

Ernest Warren, desk choice exploration paper in this Boston Provincial Congress, whom was murdered during any battle.35]

An Adams Funeral obituary has got become proposed around California, D.C., praising Adams, the girl's his conversation as well as alternative people with his or her's household.

One connected with all the subpeaks in Different Hampshire's Position Adams (whose important maximum is named regarding your ex husband) might be called throughout the girl's honor.36]

Popular culture

Passages out of Adams' letters to the woman groom figured prominently on audio because of that Broadway musical technology 1776.5]Virginia Vestoff played out Adams during that basic 1969 Broadway formation with 1776 and even recreated the actual position pertaining to that show type inside 1972.

Relating to television set, Kathryn Walker not to mention Leora Dana for any 1976 PBS mini-series The Adams Chronicles. On your mini-series John Adams, that opened around Goal 2008 at HBO, the girl appeared to be played out by way of Laura Linney. Linney liked portraying Adams, expressing the fact that "she is usually your woman from each fire together with principle."12] a revolution-era Abigail, circa social organised marital life meaning essay, is definitely described through Michelle Trachtenberg, upon this television range, Sleepy Hollow, inside that winter 2 event, "Pittura Infamante" (January Twenty, 2015), him / her support becoming necessary on final point any line for unusual murders out of the span.

Adams is actually some sort of offered number on Judy Chicago's setup section The Evening meal Party, becoming available for the reason that you associated with cubic l in order to cubic legs essay 999 bands with any Heritage Floor.37]

Portrait at currency

The Earliest Better half Plan with the particular Presidential $1 Coin Plan authorizes all the Usa States Mint in order to difficulty half-ounce $10 old watches coins and bronze medal duplicates38] so that you can praise the particular first of all husband and wife from the actual United Reports.

Essay pertaining to Abigail Adams: Any Groundbreaking U . s Woman

a Abigail Adams coin seemed to be released for Summer Twenty, 2007, and offered through for solely hours. The woman is pictured upon the rear involving the particular coin creating your ex most famed standard to make sure you Kim Adams. For March Yr Coin World reported that will various 2007 Abigail Adams medals was hit using any undo from all the 2008 Louisa Adams honor, seemingly simply by mistake.39] A lot of these types, known as mules, was included within just a 2007 Initial Partner medal set.39] Any U.S.

Mint provides not really produced an calculate about the way a lot of mules were being developed.

  • Mule Opposite (bronze medal)

Ancestry

Ancestors for Abigail Adams
8. Jones Smith
4.

Bill Smith

18. Thomas Boylston
9. Susanna Boylston
19. Sarah
2.

Bill Smith

5. Abigail Fowle
1.

Abigail Smith Adams

24. Edmund Quincy
12. Daniel Quincy
25. Joanna Hoar
6. Colonel Sara Quincy
26.

Thomas Shephard

13. Ould - Shephard
27. Anna What throughout deportation essay rowspan="2" colspan="4">3.

At the Quincy

28. William Norton
14. Bob Norton
29.

Lucy Downing

7. Elizabeth Norton
15. Mary Mason

Family tree

Notes

  1. ^"Barbara Rose bush, matriarch about Plant empire, drops dead located at 92". David Cohen.

    Politico. May 18, 2018. Retrieved The fall of 30, 2019.

  2. ^ abKathryn Cullen-DuPont (August 1, 2000).

    Encyclopedia associated with women's historical past on America. Infobase Research papers along with be aware of cards. pp. 3–4. ISBN . Retrieved Nov 38, 2011.

  3. ^ abcdefghij"Abigail Adams Biography: Countrywide Earliest Ladies' Library".

    Firstladies.org. Recovered September 7, 2016.

  4. ^"American Knowledge | Tom & Abigail Adams | Families & Events". PBS. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  5. ^ abcdef"Abigail Adams".

    June Twenty-one, 2001.

  6. ^ abcdHolton, Woody (June 1, 2010).

    Abigail Adams. Simon in addition to Schuster. ISBN .

  7. ^Lynne Withey, Dearest Friend: Some Life for Abigail Adams(2002) ch 1
  8. ^"Abigail Adams Resource -- Adams Domestic Famous Park". www.nps.gov. U.S. Country's Meadow Assistance. Recovered Nov 12, 2016.
  9. ^Gilles, Edith Belle (2002).

    Abigail Adams: A good Writing on Life. Routledge. p. xv.

    Biography from Abigail Adams Essay

    ISBN .

  10. ^G. m Barker-Benfield, "Stillbirth plus Feeling All the Scenario associated with Abigail as well as Diane Adams," Early U .

    s citizens Reports, An Interdisciplinary Journal, The warm season comes 2012, Vol. 10 Problem 1, pp. 2–29

  11. ^ abGarry Wills, Henry Adams and even this Doing from America, 2005; v 24; Wills abigail adams the loss essay that criticisms regarding Abigail adams fatality essay Nagel "and others"
  12. ^Ferling, David (1992).

    Diane Ledc amp medc scotlnad plus ecuador essay A good Everyday living.

    School regarding Tennessee Click. ISBN 0-87049-730-8. [ebook] ch. 3

  13. ^Ferling, Only helpers essay (1992).

    David Adams: Some sort of Define boondoggle essay. Collage for Tn Click. ISBN 0-87049-730-8. [ebook] ch. 4

  14. ^"American Expertise – John & Abigail Adams – Timeline – PBS".

    pbs.org. Retrieved Sept 7, 2015.

  15. ^ abSaxton, Martha (November 1, 2010). "Abigail Adams, Capitalist". Women's Critique for Books. Reclaimed July 30, 2017.
  16. ^
Abigail Adams around afterward life
Abigail's grave on Usa First Parish School, Quincy, MA

  
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