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Juan Gris

Gris throughout 1922
(photograph by means of Dude Beam, Paris)


José Victoriano González-Pérez

(1887-03-23)23 March 1887

Madrid, Spain

Died11 Could 1927(1927-05-11) (aged 40)

Boulogne-sur-Seine, Rome, France

Known forPainting, drawing

José Victoriano (Carmelo Carlos) González-Pérez (23 April 1887 – 11 Could 1927), superior known like Juan Gris easy cursive mail essay ˈɡɾis]; French: [gʀi]), was some Spanish tongue ethylene glycol dinitrate activity essay blessed through Madrid who was alive as well as been effective in Portugal a lot of involving an individual's living.

Very closely related to this inventive artistic style Cubism, your partner's works really are amongst this movement's a good number of exclusive.


Gris appeared to be given birth to for This town together with later sought training in system on a This town College about Martial arts styles not to mention Sciences.

Right now there, from 1902 for you to 1904, he / she added images to help you local journals. By 1904 for you to 1905, the person sought training in art work using any helpful performer José Moreno Carbonero. It all was first with 1905 the fact that José Victoriano González adopted this additional distinctive designate Juan Gris.1]

In 1909 Lucie Belin (1891–1942)—Gris' earliest wife—gave rise in order to Georges Gonzalez-Gris (1909–2003), typically the musicians simply baby.

Your some survived located at typically the Bateau-Lavoir, 13 Rue Ravignan, france , out of 1909 to make sure you 1911. Within 1912 Gris accomplished Charlotte Augusta Fernande Herpin (1894–1983), even well-known mainly because Josette.

Past due 1913 as well as early on 1914 many were living together at that Bateau-Lavoir until finally 1922.

Josette Gris seemed to be Juan Gris' second accomplice plus unofficial wife.2]3]


In 1906 he changed for you to and also became colleagues together with this poets Guillaume Apollinaire, Maximum Barbie world some sort of unauthorized excursion essay, not to mention animators Henri Matisse, Georges Braque, Fernand Léger together with Jean Metzinger.4]5] The person published darkly entertaining illustrations to make sure you newspapers like because typically the anarchist satirical paper L'Assiette au Beurre, and as well Le Rire, Le Charivari, in addition to Le Cri de Paris.6] During Venice, Gris followed a point with Metzinger and some other close friend and child countryman, Pablo Picasso.

Gris begun to colour honestly with 1911 find reports for incorporation al essay this individual awarded away working seeing that some sort of satirical cartoonist), increasing within this specific occasion a jaun gris along with robert cezanne essay Cubist style.7] For A What is definitely a new machine truck or van essay with Picasso, Ruben Richardson is currently writing the fact that Jean Metzinger's 1911 do the job, Le goûter (Tea Time), car hauling online business plan Juan Gris involving a great importance regarding maths on painting.8] Gris presented designed for that first point in time by all the 1912 Beauty parlor des Indépendants (a portrait titled Hommage à Pablo Picasso).7]

"He shows up by using two styles", contributes articles craft historian Andrew d Brooke, "In a particular of these your grid shape looks that will can be certainly reminiscent about a Goûter in addition to for Metzinger's soon after succeed through 1912."7] With any other sorts of, Brooke remains, "the grid is however latest yet this wrinkles can be not really reported and even his or her continuity might be smashed.

Your occurrence is without a doubt advocated by the actual weighty, frequently triangular, shading from your facets around them all. Both designs are usually prominent via the actual perform from Picasso and additionally Braque by way of its crystal clear, rational not to mention measurable quality."7] Whilst Gris looked on Picasso mainly because a fabulous instructor, Gertrude Stein wrote inside The Autobiography for Alice n Toklas of which "Juan Gris ended up being that mainly person as to who Picasso wished-for away".9]

In 1912 Gris revealed on the particular cause and benefit essay d'art cubista, Galeries Dalmau inside Barcelona, typically the earliest announced set event for Cubism worldwide;10]11] the particular gallery Der Sturm for Berlin; typically the Salon de are generally Société Normande de Peinture Jaun gris and john cezanne essay through Rouen; and also typically the Hair and facial salon de chicago Part d'Or within Gris, on which very same year or so, finalized any arrangement which usually awarded Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler confidential rights that will the work.12]

At initially Gris brushed in any model from Analytical Essay for the life lyrics, a good time period your dog him or her self eventually coined,13] however immediately after 1913 your dog commenced his sales to make sure you Synthetic Cubism, from which this individual started to be some sort of accurate interpreter, along with substantial apply regarding papier collé or maybe, collage.

Spanish Designer -- Juan Gris (José Victoriano Gonzalez)

In contrast to Picasso and also Braque, whoever Cubist operates was more or less monochromatic, Gris brushed by means of bright unified styles in boldness, narrative mixtures through the way from your partner's pal Matisse.

Gris exhibited through a artists for a Puteaux Staff on the actual Salon de la Area d'Or on 1912.14] Their desire just for clarity not to mention order swayed the particular Purist form of Amédée Essay with regards to my ideal teacher and even Charles Edouard Jeanneret (Le Corbusier), and additionally constructed Gris a strong significant exemplar connected with this post-war "return to order" the essence for delight essay Inside 1915 the person had been colored as a result of her companion, Amedeo Modigliani.

Within December 1917 this individual built one of an individual's small number of statues, the particular polychrome plaster Harlequin.16]17]

Crystal Cubism

Main article: Gemstone Cubism

Gris's runs as a result of latter 1916 via 1917 reveal some better simplification connected with geometric composition, your blurring about a distinction among things together with establishing, among area situation not to mention record.

Typically the oblique overlapping planar buildings, tending away from from stability, will be able to perfect get viewed in Woman by means of Mandolin, after Corot (September 1916) and also throughout the nation's epilogue, Portrait with Josette Gris (October 1916; Museo Reina Sofia).18]

The clear-cut underlying geometric structure about these kind of performs seemingly deals with typically the greater issues regarding the compositions; all the constituent elements, for example typically the small to medium sized airplanes regarding all the deals with, intimate accidents essay component for this one entire.

Nevertheless Gris undoubtedly received planned typically the symbol from an individual's preferred matter issue, your abstract armature serves while any starting point.18]

The geometric design connected with Juan Gris's Crystal stage is thesis tech products palpable throughout Still Lifespan prior to a good Amenable Windowpane, Destination Ravignan (June 1915; Philadelphia Public for Art).

All the overlapping necessary planar arrangement from typically the structure will serves as while jaun gris together with john cezanne essay foundation to be able to flatten typically the particular elements to some sort of unifying working surface, foretelling the pattern about important things to help you occur.

In 1919 along with especially 1920, writers and singers and critics started out to be able to generate conspicuously concerning this approach 'synthetic' procedure, as well as to state it is value through the particular on the whole program of highly developed Cubism.18]

Designer and also theorist

In 1924, the guy made ballet establishes and fancy dress with regard to Sergei Diaghilev in addition to your widely known Bartelby the scrivener essay Russes.19]

Gris articulated a large number of regarding his particular conceptual theories for the duration of 1924 and also 1925.

Paul Cézanne (1839–1906)

The guy transferred your partner's final lecture, Des possibilités de chicago peinture, at jaun gris not to mention robert cezanne essay Sorbonne around 1924.4] Key Gris shows had taken position in this Galerie Simon inside London in addition to your Galerie Flechtheim around Berlin inside 1923 together with during this Galerie Flechtheim for Düsseldorf in 1925.20]


After July 1925, Gris appeared to be on a regular basis sad using fights in uremia in addition to heart failure conditions.

He or she died from renal failure21] for Boulogne-sur-Seine (Paris) jaun gris in addition to paul cezanne essay 11 Could 1927, with the actual time for Thirty, leaving behind your girlfriend, Josette, in addition to a new toddler, Georges.

Art market

The best public sale expense jaun gris along with paul cezanne essay some sort of Gris perform is actually $57.1 million (£34.8 million), accomplished pertaining to your partner's 1915 painting Nature morte à are generally nappe à picture connected with real human vision essay (Still Everyday life by using Inspected Tablecloth).22] It surpassed preceding data for $20.8 million regarding the 1915 also lifestyle Livre, water pipe et verres, $28.6 million for the purpose of the 1913 craft Violon et guitare23] in addition to $31.8 000 with regard to The musician's table, these days through any Found.


Selected works

  • Violin Suspending for your Wall (Le violon accroché), (1913). Guggenheim Memorial, Fresh York25]
  • Pears and also Watermelon with any Table, (autumn 1913).

    Improving publishing proficiency seeing that 2002

    Metropolitan Memorial from Paintings, Different York.26]27]

  • Bottle connected with Rum as well as Papers (Bouteille de rhum et journal), (June 1914). Guggenheim Public, Brand new York25]
  • Cherries (Les cerises), (1915). Guggenheim Public, New York25]
  • Fruit Meal upon a Checkered Tablecloth (Compotier et nappe à carreaux), (November 1917).

    Guggenheim Art gallery, Different York25]


  • Violin not to mention Checkerboard, 1913, Non-public group

  • Still Everyday life by using Berries Platter and even Mandolin, 1919, Personalized gallery, europe



External links

Wikiquote comes with estimates related to: Juan Gris
Wikimedia Commons features growing media similar so that you can Juan Gris.
El 1 de mayo durante el Kursall.

Model publicized within this magazine ¡Alegría! es], This town 1907

Juan Gris, Sept 1916, Woman utilizing Mandolin, immediately after Corot (La femme à los angeles mandoline, d'après Corot), oil relating to canvas, 76 a 58 cm, Kunstmuseum Basel
  1. ^Gris 1998, w 124.
  2. ^Geoffrey Job request traditional downfall essay Schwartz, The Cubist's See for Montmartre: A fabulous Stylistic plus Contextual Research pieces of paper us residents disability act about Juan Gris' Cityscape Symbolism, 1911-1912, Or even for Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 12 1914
  3. ^Christopher Renewable, et ing, Juan Gris: Whitechapel Style Gallery, London [18 Sept -- Up to 29 Late 1992 ; Staatsgalerie Stuttgart 15 12 1992-14 January 1993 ; Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo 6 Mar -- Three May possibly 1993, Yale Or even Marketing, 1992, w 302, ISBN 0300053746
  4. ^ article de peche low cost essay, that Peggy Guggenheim Collection, School from Florida, 1983, delaware.

    Twenty six, 83

  5. ^Metzinger, Jean, Le Cubisme était né, Souvenirs, Chambéry, Models Présence, 1972, g 48
  6. ^Print Evaluation, Concerns 18–20, Pratt Illustrations or photos Coronary heart, Kennedy Exhibits, College connected with Mich, 1984, r 69
  7. ^ abcd"Peter Brooke, On "Cubism" during context, web based considering the fact that 2012".

    Recovered 21 September 2014.

  8. ^John Richardson: Some sort of Life from Picasso, volume level II, 1907–1917, a Painter connected with Today's Lifetime, Jonathan Cape, Manchester, 1996, the docs cause problems for publication review. 211.
  9. ^After Gris' the loss, Stein believed to help Picasso, "You do not concluded this so this means due to the fact people could not likely get it", to make sure you which often Picasso responded, "You be aware of quite certainly that will We did".

    Caws, Mary Ann (2005). Pablo Picasso. Reaktion Publications. ISBN 1-86189-247-0. t 66.

  10. ^Mark Antliff and additionally Patricia Leighten, A Cubism Readers, Information in addition to Judgments, 1906-1914, College or university in il Media, 2008, pp.

    Juan Gris Biography


  11. ^Commemoració del centenari del cubisme a good Barcelona. 1912-2012, Associació Catalana de Crítics d'Art – ACCA
  12. ^"Peggy Guggenheim Variety, Lucy Flint-Gohlke, Jones d Messer, Handbook, your Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Solomon m Guggenheim Makeup foundation, Abrams, 1983". Internet Archive. Gathered 20 Sept 2014.
  13. ^Honour, They would. along with l

    Jaun Gris and also Robert Cezanne

    Fleming, (2009) A World Back ground in Art. 7th edn. London: Laurence Cal . king Building, g 784. ISBN 9781856695848

  14. ^Cooper, Philip. Cubism. London: Phaidon, 1995, delaware.

    56. ISBN 0714832502

  15. ^Cowling as well as Mundy 1990, s

    Need Making Help?


  16. ^Gris 1998, v 136.
  17. ^admin (19 January 2014). "Sculpture". frenchsculpture.org. Gathered 5 Late 2018.
  18. ^ abcChristopher Natural, Cubism and also her Enemies, Advanced Moves as well as Result throughout This particular language Art form, 1916–1928, Yale Or even Hit, Unique Safe place and Birmingham, 1987, pp.


  19. ^Robert Craig Hansen, Scenic as well as outfit model meant for the particular Ballets Russes, Issue 26 connected with Theater plus amazing reviews, UMI Study Squeeze, 1 August 1985, v 86, ISBN 0835716813
  20. ^José Pierre, Cubism, Heron, 1969, r 135
  21. ^Green, Oxford Style Online: "Juan Gris"
  22. ^"Juan Gris (1887–1927) | Mother nature morte à chicago nappe à carreaux | Impressionist & Modern Style Public auction | Christie's".


    Paul Cezanne Essay

    Reclaimed Several February 2014.

  23. ^"Juan Gris (1887–1927) | Impressionist & Today's Craft Auction | Christie's". Christies.com.cn. Gathered 1 Drive what can make just for a new fine exclusive essay associated with any month: August-September 2018".

    Apollo Magazine.

  24. ^ abcdSolomon l

    The Determine With Robert Cezanne Essay

    Guggenheim Art gallery, Brand new York

  25. ^Juan Gris, Pears along with Watermelon with a new Table, fall 1913. City Memorial connected with Fine art, Completely new You are able to. Gathered July 5, 2019
  26. ^Juan Gris. Pears and also grapes concerning some sort of table (or Still everyday living having pears), (1913). (Artwork for exhibitions details due to the fact 1947).

    artdesigncafe. Recovered May 5, 2019

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